I have trouble with the word Palestinian and I was hoping I could get a clearer view through this site. Although I am relatively young, I have done extensive research on the subject and have not found any mention of a "Palestinian" people prior to 1948, and very few prior to 1967. In fact, I have found evidence that contradict the idea of a Palestinian heritage. None of the League of Nation or British documents regarding the region mention the word Palestinian, rather simply "The Jews and Arabs of Palestine". All Arabic mentioning of the region referred to it as Syria or Greater Syria (Palestine isn't even an Arabic word, there is no 'P' in Arabic). An example of this is a quote from Auni Bey Abdul-Hadi made during the Peel Commission: "There is no such country [as Palestine]! Palestine is a term the Zionists invented! There is no Palestine in the Bible. Our country was for centuries, part of Syria.”
So the question is, where do the people who now call themselves "Palestinians" come from, and, more importantly, who's responsibility are they? Looking back on the League of Nations Mandates regarding the region, it appears as though a solution was set forth. The region known as Palestine was divided into two portions, east of the Jordan River (Transjordan) and west of the Jordan River (Jewish Palestine). One would then assume that Jews living East of the Jordan would move to Jewish Palestine and Arabs living West of the Jordan would move to Transjordan. So why didn't this happen? Most likely WWII and the disbanding of the UN (even though article 80 explicitly states that all LoN mandates transferred over to the UN). It appears as though most of the people who call themselves Palestinians are the outcasts (or progeny of outcasts) of the surrounding countries, mainly Jordan and Egypt.
I guess my biggest issue is the hypocrisy in claiming the land of Israel is on the "Palestinians" land when even the Arabs admit that the land (including what is now Jordan) was a Jewish land until 135 CE and that during the Ottoman Empire, there is no evidence of a large population (I have read 80-250 k) of Arabs in the region, including Jordan, Israel and everything in between, meanwhile there are more than 10 times that number of Arab Israelis.
I hope this hasn't offended anyone and I invite anyone to help clarify things for me.
Note: I have attached two maps, the first of which was the original League of Nations proposal for Jewish Palestine and the second which dedicated more than 3/4 of that land to Transjordan.