The following discussion has been created to identify anti-Jewish legislation in Germany from 1933-1939 that deprived German Jewish citizens of fundamental human rights. It is proposed that this discussion also seeks to identify the failure of
the West in (1) taking in German Jewish refugees in this period prior to 1939;
(2) examples of Anti-Jewish legislation that was introduced into Germany in
prewar Germany (1933-1939). Another discussion might look at Anti-Jewish
This discussion has been prepared to respond to Joanna’s comment and the offence this created for Ohad. Joanna I apologise for any offence I cause you by naming you directly.
My hope is that as mepeace members we can hold our statements to more rigorous standards. Idle historical opinions can be quite damaging and offensive.
Can I suggest that if members make certain historical statements that they reference their source - to show some level of thinking. It is not always healthy to just say what you think in forums such as this unless there is an agreement
by those in the conversation and trust.
Miscommunication is inherent with communication styles that are part of typed responses as we miss all the usual body language cues that give a broader picture. This means we have to be even more careful in such settings than when we speak in
Source 1 – The first wave of Anti-Jewish legislation in Prewar Germany
“Nazi leaders began to make good on their pledge to persecute German Jews soon after their assumption of power. During the first six years of Hitler’s dictatorship, from 1933 until the outbreak of war in 1939, Jews felt the effects of more than 400 decrees and regulations that restricted all aspects of
their public and private lives.
The first wave of legislation, from 1933 to 1934, focused largely on limiting the participation of Jews in German public life. In April 1933, German law restricted the number of Jewish students at German schools and universities. In
the same month, further legislation sharply curtailed “Jewish activity” in the
medical and legal professions.
In 1933, the city of Berlin forbade Jewish lawyers and notaries to work on legal matters...”
Source 2 – The first concentration camps, Kristallnact and the German Jewish population
“In January 1933, some 522,000 Jews by religious definition lived in Germany. Over half of these individuals, approximately 304,000 Jews, emigrated during the first six years of the Nazi dictatorship, leaving only approximately 214,000 Jews in
Germany proper (1937 borders) on the eve of World War II.
In the years between 1933 and 1939, the Nazi regime had brought radical and daunting social, economic, and communal change to the German Jewish community. Six years of Nazi-sponsored legislation had marginalized and disenfranchised Germany’s Jewish citizenry and had expelled Jews from the professions and from commercial
life. By early 1939, only about 16 percent of Jewish breadwinners had steady
employment of any kind. Thousands of Jews remained interned in concentration camps following the mass arrests in the aftermath of Kristallnacht (Night of the Broken Glass) in November 1938
“The 1935, Nuremberg Laws made German Jewswho were already persecuted, stateless refugees in their own country. By 1938,
some 150,000 out of about 600,000 German Jews had fled Germany, mostly to Palestine, but British immigration quotas prevented many from emigrating. In March 1938, Hitler annexed Austria and made the 200,000 Jews of Austria stateless refugees. In September
1938 Britain and France granted Hitler the right to occupy Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia, and in March 1939 Hitler occupied the
remainder of the country, making a further 200,000 Jews stateless...”
Anti-Jewish Legislation in Prewar Germany
German Jews During The Holocaust, 1939-1945
Detailed history – Mid East Web
Nuremburg Laws (1935)
German Jews denied German citizenship (ie became stateless)
German Jews forbidden to marry other Germans
The Nuremberg Laws on Citizenship and Race: September 15, 1935
Western European Jews
Yad Vashem – Timeline of the Holocaust
Why the Partition was rejected
Details of the UN Trusteeship proposal 1948
Letter that outlines (1) the population of Ottoman and British mandate Palestine and (2) the failure of the world community to take in Jewish refugees