"Eire do deo" is Irish for "Ireland is forever." Like the Jews and Palestinians, the Irish too have a convoluted history. Ireland was not settled by a single group of people, but by waves of people. We associate Ireland as a Celtic nation. but the Celts too came to Ireland in waves. This migration did not leave the island united, so it was several kingdoms. But one of the kings did eventual become High King of Ireland, usually through bloody warfare among the various kingdoms. This disunity is what made Ireland vulnerable to outside invasion. The first to come were the Vikings. The Vikings settled in large numbers, and founded Ireland's major cities. Dublin, the capital, was founded by the Vikings, in fact its name "Dublin" is Norse for "Black Pool." Brian Boru was King of Munster, but eventually became High King of Ireland. In 1014, he defeated the Vikings at the Battle of Clontarf, and drove them out of Ireland. But fighting among the kings of Ireland was to return after that, and in 1167 the kings of Leinster and Connacht called upon the help of the English. The English King John was proclaimed "Lordship of Ireland" by Pope Adrian IV, who is the only English pope that ever existed. English domination was to continue, and in 1536 King Henry VIII became King of Ireland. Two things happened after that, the land was no longer owned by the Irish, and Protestant settlers (Orangemen) from both England and Scotland settled in Ireland, especially in the northern part. Everything that Irish farmers produced went into rent and taxes. Potatoes were introduced into Ireland in 16th century, and the moist climate of Ireland resembled the Peruvian Andes, where the crop originally came from. After paying their rent and taxes, the only thing Irish farmers had left to eat was potatoes. Until the 1840's, when a blight hit the potato monoculture of Ireland. From 1845 to 1852, it is estimated that between 1,000,000 to 1,500,000 Irish died, and over 1,000,000 emigrated. When World War I took place, it was empires trying to undermine each other. The British sent T.E. Lawrence or "Lawrence of Arabia" to start an Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire, and Irish rebels were to seek German help to rebel against British rule. That happened from April 24 to 30, 1916, when the Irish with armaments secretly sent by Germany launched the famous "Easter Rebellion." Ecstatic Irishmen were printing banners, manifestos, and flyers that they were finally freed from the brutal, repressive rule of Great Britain. But were they? The rebellion was quickly put down, and Ireland after that was placed under control of the paramilitary Black and Tans. But after World War I, negotiations were to take place between British Prime David Lloyd George and the Irish rebels. In 1921, the Anglo-Irish Treaty proclaimed Ireland free of British rule, except the 6 northern counties, which became known as Northern Ireland. But the Emerald Isle's troubles were not over. For sectarian violence was to continue between the Irish and the Orangemen in Northern Ireland, with Northern Ireland under British military occupation. But on April 10, 1998, the Belfast Agreement was to bring about power sharing between the Irish and Orangemen, and the removal of all British army bases in Northern Ireland. In 2005, the Irish Republic Army was to disband, and international arms inspectors were to accumulate all their weapons.
How much of the Irish experience resembles the Israeli-Palestinians conflict?
How can what was used for Ireland to achieve independence, be applied to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?
How can Northern Ireland's Belfast Agreement, be used to halt sectarian violence between Israelis and Palestinians?
NOLLAG FOI MHAISE DUIT!
In Irish it means: Merry Christmas to you!
Selamat Natal. Selamat means shalom, salaam in Arabic.
The word comes from Arabic and we use it for many purposes for examples to say have a nice meal, it says "selamat makan". The word expects on the presence of comfortable environment that relates to the feeling of peace.
In learning Bahasa, I saw the word "selamat" numerous times, but did not know it was of Arabic origin. It is like when you say good morning, you say "selamat pagi. But it is a good example of Arabic or Arabic loan words conveying a feeling of peace. But I can definitely see the Portuguese origin of Natal. Natal in South African was sighted by Portuguese sailors on Christmas Day. On their way to the Spice Islands.
Northern Ireland now has a new role in the world, than just being a region of conflict. Perhaps Palestine can host a G-8 Meeting, or a regional economic meeting such as Doha does now: