An anonymous group of students has created a document to express their frustration born of Hamas's violent crackdowns on 'western decadence', the destruction wreaked by Israel's attacks and the political games played by Fatah and the UN
Ana Carbajosa/ The Observer, Sunday 2 January 2011
about the situation in Palestine. Photograph: Mohammed Salem/Reuters
The meeting takes place in a bare room in a block of flats in the centre of Gaza City. No photographs, no real names – those are the conditions.
This is the first time that a group of young Palestinian cyber-activists has agreed to meet a journalist since launching
what it calls Gaza Youth's Manifesto for Change. It is an incendiary document –
written with courage and furious energy – that has captivated thousands of
people who have come across it online, and the young university students are
visibly excited, but also scared. "Not only are our lives in danger; we
are also putting our families at risk," says one of them, who calls
himself Abu George.
Gaza Youth's Manifesto for Change is an extraordinary, impassioned cyber-scream in which young men and women from Gaza
– where more than half the 1.5 million population is under 18 – make it clear
that they've had enough. "Fuck Hamas..."
begins the text. "Fuck Israel.
Fuck UN. Fuck UNWRA. Fuck USA! We, the youth in Gaza, are so fed up with
Israel, Hamas, the occupation, the violations of human rights and the
indifference of the international community!"
It goes on to detail the daily humiliations and frustrations that constitute everyday life in the Gaza Strip, the Palestinian
slice of land that Israel and Egypt have virtually sealed off from the world
since Hamas was elected to power in 2006.
"Here in Gaza we are scared of being incarcerated, interrogated, hit, tortured, bombed, killed," reads the
extraordinary document. "We are afraid of living, because every single
step we take has to be considered and well-thought, there are limitations
everywhere, we cannot move as we want, say what we want, do hat we want,
sometimes we even can't think what we want because the occupation has occupied
our brains and hearts so terrible that it hurts and it makes us want to shed
endless tears of frustration and rage!"
The text ends with a triple demand: "We want three things. We want to be free. We want to be able to live a normal life. We want peace. Is that too much to ask?"
On Facebook, the group calls itself Gaza Youth Breaks Out. When the cyber-activists wrote the manifesto three weeks
ago, they gave themselves a year to gather enough support before thinking about
further steps. But their text has travelled around the world at an unexpected
speed and has harvested thousands of supporters, many of them human rights
activists, who say they are ready to help.
Now, the authors are dealing with the impact of a document that could be a turning point in the life of the Strip. "We did
not expect this to be so big," one of them admits. Eight people – three
women and five men – wrote the text. They are normal students, from the more
secular elements of Gazan society. All declare themselves to be non-political
and disgusted with the tensions and rivalries that divide Palestinians between
Hamas, the rulers of Gaza, and Fatah, the more secular party which governs the
Palestinian Authority, based in the West Bank. "Politics is bollocks, it
is screwing our lives up," said one member of the group. "Politicians
only care about money and about their supporters. The Israelis are the only
ones benefiting from the division."
Two of the group have been detained by the Gazan authorities several times, accused among other crimes of
"immoral" behaviour. They say that they have been abused in jail and
claim that physical and psychological punishment is commonplace in Gaza's
Another one obtained a scholarship to attend a workshop at an American university, but he says Israel did not issue a permit
that would allow him to leave the Strip. "We are supposed to be the engine
of change in this society, but our voices are muted. In the press, at
university, there is no room in our society to talk freely, out of the frame,
without putting yourself and your family at risk," says one, who wants to
be called Abu Yazan. He adds: "In Gaza, you feel watched at school, in the
streets, everywhere. You can be thrown into jail at any time. [Hamas] will
threaten you with ruining your family reputation and that would be it."
These youngsters do not represent anybody except themselves, but their call for change has resonated strongly, not only
abroad but also inside Gaza. Their Facebook page already has thousands of
friends – including, they say, many from the Strip.
The causes of frustration are legion. The Israeli blockade forbids Gazans to travel in and out of the Strip without a
permit, which is difficult to obtain. For Gazan students who wish to study
abroad, the most difficult part is not being accepted at a foreign university
or getting a scholarship, but simply being able to travel.
Inside the Strip, things do not get much better. Israeli shelling which follows the launching of rockets into Israel by
Palestinian militants is part of their everyday life. Power cuts and ruinous
sanitary conditions are among the side-effects of the embargo suffered by
With high unemployment in the Strip and little access to other job markets after graduation, many feel that they have reached
a dead end. Some keep studying and accumulating degrees and foreign languages,
which they learn via the internet, hoping for better days to come. Others kill
their time smoking hookahs with their friends day after day. There is an
increasing number who rely on drugs to cope with their conflict traumas and
Going out, meeting friends in cafés – let alone clubs or discotheques – or attending cultural events has become an increasingly complicated task as Hamas cracks down on western "decadence".
In Gaza there are no theatres and few concerts aside from the Islamic musical performances organised by the Hamas authorities.
In the places where young men and women are allowed to meet, considered an
"oasis" by the less conservative youth, the police are quick to
interrogate mixed couples suspected of not being married or engaged.
The "last straw" for the writers of the Gaza manifesto came a month ago, when Hamas closed Sharek, an
internationally financed organisation offering training and summer activities
for thousands of adolescents and young people. Sharek had also became a
hang-out place for the more liberal-minded in Gaza. Human Rights Watch recently
issued a statement condemning its closure. "Hamas authorities in Gaza
should allow an organisation that helps children and youth to reopen, and
penalise officials who have harassed its workers," it said.
According to Ihab Al Ghusain, a spokesman for the Hamas Ministry of the Interior, the problems highlighted by Gaza's
disaffected youth are sometimes the result of over-zealous officials. "There
are no laws prohibiting men and women sitting together in public places in
Gaza," he said. "But some policemen at their own initiative
interrogate the couples. Those policemen should be punished."
He says that proof of the government's commitment to Gaza's young generation is that it has declared 2011 the Year for
the Youth. But the authors of the youth manifesto are unlikely to be persuaded
by such symbolic initiatives. The group is currently investing most of its time
and energy in debating new strategies to pursue a web-based platform for
change. The new year may yet become one for the youth of the Strip, but perhaps
not in the way Hamas intended.
"Fuck Hamas. Fuck Israel. Fuck Fatah. Fuck UN. Fuck UNWRA. Fuck USA! We, the youth in Gaza, are so fed up with Israel, Hamas, the
occupation, the violations of human rights and the indifference of the
"We want to scream and break this wall of silence, injustice and indifference like the Israeli F16s breaking the wall of
sound; scream with all the power in our souls in order to release this immense
frustration that consumes us because of this fucking situation we live in...
"We are sick of being caught in this political struggle; sick of coal-dark nights with airplanes circling above our
homes; sick of innocent farmers getting shot in the buffer zone because they
are taking care of their lands; sick of bearded guys walking around with their
guns abusing their power, beating up or incarcerating young people demonstrating
for what they believe in; sick of the wall of shame that separates us from the
rest of our country and keeps us imprisoned in a stamp-sized piece of land;
sick of being portrayed as terrorists, home-made fanatics with explosives in
our pockets and evil in our eyes; sick of the indifference we meet from the international
community, the so-called experts in expressing concerns and drafting
resolutions but cowards in enforcing anything they agree
on; we are sick and tired of living a shitty life, being kept in jail by
Israel, beaten up by Hamas and completely ignored by the rest of the world.
"There is a revolution growing inside of us, an immense dissatisfaction and frustration that will destroy us unless we
find a way of canalising this energy into something that can challenge the
status quo and give us some kind of hope.
"We barely survived the Operation Cast Lead, where Israel very effectively bombed the shit out of us, destroying
thousands of homes and even more lives and dreams. During the war we got the
unmistakable feeling that Israel wanted to erase us from the face of the Earth.
During the last years, Hamas has been doing all they can to control our
thoughts, behaviour and aspirations. Here in Gaza we are scared of being
incarcerated, interrogated, hit, tortured, bombed, killed. We cannot move as we
want, say what we want, do what we want.
"ENOUGH! Enough pain, enough tears, enough suffering, enough control, limitations, unjust justifications, terror, torture,
excuses, bombings, sleepless nights, dead civilians, black memories, bleak
future, heart-aching present, disturbed politics, fanatic politicians,
religious bullshit, enough incarceration! WE SAY STOP! This is not the future
we want! We want to be free. We want to be able to live a normal life. We want
peace. Is that too much to ask?"