The idea of a two-state solution has been doing the rounds for many years to achieve a peace settlement between Israelis and Palestinians. Most countries in the world including the US, EU have expressed support for a two-state solution. A solution to the Israeli Occupation since the Six Day War of June 1967 has been discussed in international forums for many years, including negotiations with the Palestinians. There has been no progress towards a two-state solution.
Mahmoud Abbas and his chief professional negotiator for peace, Dr. Saeb Erakat represent nobody but themselves. According to the latest polls, Hamas support in the West Bank is on the increase and support for the PLO- oriented PA (Palestinian Authority) is on the wane. Even if a peace agreement between Israel and the PA is reached, Abbas will never sign because Hamas will never accept it. Hamas will only accept a "Peace Treaty" that delegitimizes Israel's right to exist. Israel’s establishment of settlements in the occupied West Bank is not an issue. As far as Hamas is concerned, Israel is occupied territory since 1948 and this is their mantra that is well outlined in the Hamas Charter which has not changed. The PA has had no general elections since 2006. It has no democratic institutions and no accountability to its people. Transparency in government is non-existent. They know that Hamas is breathing down their necks waiting to take over the West Bank if elections would take place. The result for Israel would be disastrous! The PA and Hamas have signed an agreement even though it is shaky.
Unfortunately your argument is unacceptable. You assume that president Abbas does not represent Palestinian people and Hamas will win any new elections. Up to this point, no group including Hamas said that president Abbas is Illegitimate and he can not negotiate in the name of Palestinian people. They don't beleive in his techniques and strategies as it did not made any progress since 1993.
Your argument that Hamas will make West Bank like Gaza in fill it with tunnels also unrealistic. First of all, your experience has shown that both Hizbullah and Hamas respect all agreements they make even much better that PLO and the PA. Second, you know there is big difference in land topography and soil that makes it impossible to dig tunnels. Third, if there is an agreement for ending occupation and razing of settelments, I'm quite sure that there will be no support for any group; Fatah, Hamas or Jihad to continue with fighting. People wants to live in peace and build good economy.
I hope you as Israeli thinkers and intellectuals will stop feeding the Israeli people with these arguments and forcing them to move to the extreme right. I beleive Israelis want to live in peace but with this type of philisophy they will never go anywhere and we can not predict the future of this area. I think you are missing a great oppotunaty for peace by convincing yourselves with these arguments.
According to the latest Palestinian Polls, you may be right about Hamas support decreasing, but this does not really mean that support for a Two-State Solution is increasing. I enclose a link of the latest Palestinian Polls. I do support a Two-State solution but on both sides there is no vision or desire to get back to negotiations apart from accusations against each other. I do wish to see dismantling of settlements in order to achieve peace but in the present situation I just do not see any side making concessions to get there. I do feel that the Hamas-PA agreement, as it stands does not increase any chances of progress, mostly because of Hamas extreme attitude towards Israel's existence.
Unfortunately, Mr. Klein is undoubtedly correct when he states that a two-state solution is unlikely to occur in the near future. Some of his comments are accurate - the sectarian wars (Sunni v. Shia; Sunni v. Sunni) are leaving the region in chaos. And chaos is not conducive to settling long term grievances.
However, Mr. Klein's one-dimensional analysis is symptomatic of a key impediment to finding a solution, namely, since the 1970's, most Israeli governments have been hostile to a two-state solution.
Some additional comments:
1. The chaos of the region does not excuse Israel's inexcusable land-grab in the West Bank. If Israel were truly interested in peace, the settlers would have been curtailed decades ago. To the contrary, the settlers' cause has had full sympathy of most Israeli governments which were more eager to expandIsrael's borders than to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict.
2. Mr. Klein claims that Operation Protective Edge was in response to Hamas aggression. This is simply untrue. A review of Shabakh's reports from December 2012 (following the truce ending Operation Pillar of Smoke) shows that the Israeli intelligence service considered the Gaza border to be quiet. In fact, Hamas fired no missiles against Israeli until Israel declared war against Hamas on the West Bank and assassinated two leaders in Gaza. By this time, Israeli defense forces were already at the border with Gaza.
3. Studying Israeli diplomacy, one could easily conclude that Hamas is correct in its view that Israel will not make peace unless forced to by armed struggle.
So Mr. Klein has reached a correct conclusion with faulty analysis. Some big questions remain, however, for those of us who used to believe in the old Zionist dream of Israel. For how long can Israel maintain its brutal occupation over Palestinians, without becoming brutalized? For how long can Israel adopt the settler mentality that dehumanizes Palestinians, before becoming a militarized, ultra-nationalist state, supported by a romantic, chauvinist, religious mythology?
The crux of the problem originated not on 1967 but well before that. 1948 and 1967 were purely a fulfillment of words and deeds dating back to various riots and pogroms against Jews that occurred before the state of Israel is declared. It is simply simplistic to use Nassers admonition that the "Jews better learn how to swim" and Jordans unprovoked attack to claim "inhuman and brutal occupation".
The question must be asked - How long will Israel tolerate murder and rockets by Hamas before it takes concrete actions. How long will the world tolerate that.