The incidence of suicide/Explosive Devices in Somalia has increased markedly in recent years, making suicide a major social problem. Between 2011 and 2015, the annual number of suicides increased from 35% to 65 %; the most dramatic increase occurred in middle-aged men, the group showing the greatest increase in depression. Recent studies have shown that prevention campaigns are effective in reducing the total number of suicides in various areas like, Gedo, Middle-Jubba,Lower-Shabele as well as Banadir in Somalia.
Such interventions have been targeted at relatively urban populations, and national data from public health and clinical studies are still needed. The Somali governments have not yet established the goal of reducing the annual number of suicides from 2011 to 2015 by thousand died; toward this end, several programs have been proposed, including the Mental Barrier Free Declaration, and the Guidelines for the Management of Depression by Health Care Professionals and Public Servants. However, the number of suicides has not declined over the past 6 years. Achieving the national goal during the remaining years will require extensive and consistent campaigns dealing with the issues and problems underlying suicide/explosive as well as simple screening methods for detecting depression. These campaigns must reach those individuals whose high-risk status goes unrecognized. In this review paper, we propose a strategy for the early detection of suicide risk by screening for depression according to self perceived symptoms. This approach was based on the planed symposium Approach to the Prevention of Suicide in Clinical and Occupational Medicine held at the 1st Conference of the Somali Youth 2015 agenda