Sustaunable tolerance approach to Palestine Vs Israel Conflict

Dennis Otieno ORICHO, Sabanci University, Istanbul Turkey.

I-Brief chronology of the conflict - The land, Jerusalem as a Holy City, Recognition and Identity

II-Parties to the conflict

1-Primary parties;

Palestine – Fatah and Hamas

Israel - Military, Settlers and Civil Society

2-Secondary parties – Iran, and Arabic neighbouring countries

3-Third parties – United State of America, EU, UN, Russia and Quartet

III- 1-Issues

a- Fact based issues;

Palestine - Land, Equality of occupation, Support from Arabic Neighbours

Israel – Victims of terrorist, No strategic depth, and military power

b- Value based issues;

Palestine- Muslim religion, Arabic Culture, Concrete history in the area and Jerusalem as a Holy city.

Israel– Jewish Religion, History of the land, Jerusalem as a Holy City

c- Interest based issues;

Palestine – Own country, Recognition, Jerusalem as Capital, and remigration of refugees.

Israel – Security, Recognition, Jerusalem as capital, and Jews being the Majority.

d- Need based issues;

Palestine– Security, economical recovery, water supply, infrastructure, institutions and solving refugee problem.

Israel – Security, recognition and land ownership

2-Relative importance of issues for each party; 2 States solution and recognition .

3-Positions of parties regarding the issues – Dialogue, security, and land

4-Issues emerged during the conflict; Poverty, fear, um-employment, health facilities, different opinions of the leaders.

IV- Stages of the conflict; Latent, overt, escalation, crisis, stalemate, de-escalation, termination, resolution, transformation, post agreement etc…, insecurity, terrorism, poverty, poor infrastructure, Religion, Western World influence and support for Israel and etc

V-Conflict settlement/ resolution attempts – Financial support, change of constitution, writing off debts, EU assistance, 2 states solution which is still an issue but looks the better option.

VI. Attitudes of the parties towards intermediaries - bias and impartial

VII. Final agreement -if any – singing of the peace accord on a (win-win, win- lose) basis through 2 states solution, improved economy and recognition of of each party in conflict.

VIII-Potential constructive solutions – 2 states government solution .

Long live Palestine, Long live Israel in searching sustainable peaceful aggreement

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