Dennis Otieno ORICHO, Sabanci University, Istanbul Turkey.
I-Brief chronology of the conflict - The land, Jerusalem as a Holy City, Recognition and Identity
II-Parties to the conflict
Palestine – Fatah and Hamas
Israel - Military, Settlers and Civil Society
2-Secondary parties – Iran, and Arabic neighbouring countries
3-Third parties – United State of America, EU, UN, Russia and Quartet
a- Fact based issues;
Palestine - Land, Equality of occupation, Support from Arabic Neighbours
Israel – Victims of terrorist, No strategic depth, and military power
b- Value based issues;
Palestine- Muslim religion, Arabic Culture, Concrete history in the area and Jerusalem as a Holy city.
Israel– Jewish Religion, History of the land, Jerusalem as a Holy City
c- Interest based issues;
Palestine – Own country, Recognition, Jerusalem as Capital, and remigration of refugees.
Israel – Security, Recognition, Jerusalem as capital, and Jews being the Majority.
d- Need based issues;
Palestine– Security, economical recovery, water supply, infrastructure, institutions and solving refugee problem.
Israel – Security, recognition and land ownership
2-Relative importance of issues for each party; 2 States solution and recognition .
3-Positions of parties regarding the issues – Dialogue, security, and land
4-Issues emerged during the conflict; Poverty, fear, um-employment, health facilities, different opinions of the leaders.
IV- Stages of the conflict; Latent, overt, escalation, crisis, stalemate, de-escalation, termination, resolution, transformation, post agreement etc…, insecurity, terrorism, poverty, poor infrastructure, Religion, Western World influence and support for Israel and etc
V-Conflict settlement/ resolution attempts – Financial support, change of constitution, writing off debts, EU assistance, 2 states solution which is still an issue but looks the better option.
VI. Attitudes of the parties towards intermediaries - bias and impartial
VII. Final agreement -if any – singing of the peace accord on a (win-win, win- lose) basis through 2 states solution, improved economy and recognition of of each party in conflict.
VIII-Potential constructive solutions – 2 states government solution .
Long live Palestine, Long live Israel in searching sustainable peaceful aggreement