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A peace proposal; a draft peace plan for Israel/Palestine

http://apeaceproposal.wordpress.com/

This is a draft peace plan for Israel and Palestine. The plan can work in practice, now or in the future, but it would be a challenge to implement it. The proposal can be improved but the main points must remain. Details should be left to the two parties and to the international community to work out suitable arrangements. All suggestions, questions and comments are welcome, here or at apeaceproposal@mail.com

Two states – There will be two independent states. The 1967 borders will be basis for the final agreement but territory swaps will be possible. East Jerusalem will have special, exterritorial status under international rule for five years; if the peace is maintained it will become part of Palestine. The rest of the city will be in Israel.

The two states should recognise each other and eventually establish full diplomatic relations. Palestine will recognise Israel as the Jewish state.

International presence in Palestine – There will be large-scale international presence in Palestine; military, police and civilians. It will be indefinite until further arrangement. The international presence will provide security for Israel and Palestine and help Palestinians reconstruct their country. They will also deter new Israeli settlements.

The bulk of the international personnel should be from the majority-Muslim countries that enjoy diplomatic relations with Israel (at the moment the role of Turkey is unlikely but in future it could be important). Other troops should be led by the UN.

There will be a ‘special representative’ in Palestine, appointed by the UN Security Council and approved by Palestine and Israel. This person will be in charge of the international mission. The special representative will be a good negotiator, respected by the two sides and someone who favours compromise. The special representative will coordinate international presence with the Palestinian government and will also be regularly in contact with the Israeli government; in a manner which will be agreed with the Palestinian government.

Once the international presence is established, Israel will stop incursions and attacks on Palestinian territory.

Courts – As part of the international presence, foreign judges will operate in Palestinian courts in cooperation with their Palestinian colleagues; in order to help, or oversee and train.

Policing – There will be mixed police patrols, Palestinian and international, operating in Palestine, including East Jerusalem. The international police will have the same rights as the local force. The mixed patrols will do regular policing and, in addition, focus their efforts on preventing rocket attacks on Israel.

Refugees – Refugees will to an extent be able to choose where they want to live, as envisaged by the Geneva Accord of 2003.

Settlers -  The settlers in Palestine will be allowed to stay. They will enjoy special status for three years and will be allowed to carry light weapons for protection. During this period they will be looked after by international troops.

The settlers will be entitled to a dual citizenship or permanent residence in Palestine, according to their preference. After three years, they will be able to decide where they want to live.

Sea blockade – The international military and civilian structures will be in charge of Palestinian territorial waters. The sea blockade will be lifted when Israel is safe; to be decided in agreement with Israel.

Link between West Bank and Gaza – The Palestinians will have a road link between West Bank and Gaza Strip. The two sides will find a mutually convenient arrangement. If land swaps lead to a natural link between the two territories, all other arrangements will be abandoned.

New constitution in Palestine - The Palestinian politicians and people will decide what sort of constitution they want but it is vital that Palestine is a democratic country, where all minorities will enjoy full rights and representation. Foreign legal experts will offer any help.

EU membership – If the two countries are at peace with each other for at least ten years and if they want to, the EU will offer them full membership status or special partnership. Citizens of Israel and Palestine will be able to live and work in the EU and vice versa. If violence returns, the scheme will end; the EU will decide when.

Referendum – There will be a referendum in Israel and Palestine and the people there will decide whether to approve the deal. The referendum should happen first, hopefully in both countries at the same time.

In addition, the leaders of the two countries should be in permanent contact.

The international community must treat the Israel/Palestine crisis as an absolute priority.

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Comment by Tim Upham on March 24, 2012 at 9:09pm

This is one of the difficulties of now, both Israel and the Palestinian Authority do not have written constitutions.  What they both go by is political party platforms.  Have you read the one of Hamas, it was written by clowns.  Hopefully, after the Palestinian elections held in May, Hamas will become a thing of the past.  I am glad it is addressing the issue of the settlers, either having Israel initiate their removal or stay and become citizens of Palestine.

Comment by apeaceproposal on March 23, 2012 at 1:28pm
I basically agree with the solution offered by the Geneva Accord. This document can be read and downloaded at http://www.buypeace.com/geneva-accord.pdf
Comment by Jeff stern on March 22, 2012 at 5:46pm

Please explain :

Refugees – Refugees will to an extent be able to choose where they want to live, as envisaged by the Geneva Accord of 2003.

 

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