The Yom HaShoah commemoration always focuses on the righteous gentiles, who risked arrest and imprisonment for hiding Jews during World War II. Go through the Jerusalem Forest, and view the Righteous Among the Nations. Here names are placed next to a tree of individuals, who lived in countries occupied by Nazi Germany and were allies of Nazi Germany, who went through great risks in hiding Jews from arrest and deportation. People in Europe, but there are also people in North Africa. Arabs who lived in North Africa, are among those too who risked arrest and imprisonment hiding Jews. When France surrendered on June 22, 1940, the collaborationist Vichy French Government took over led by Marshall Phillippe Petain, the French war hero who gallantly defended Verdun during World War I, with "They shall not pass." But during World War II, Marshall Petain went along pathetically with the Nazi German Government, and so did France's overseas possessions, such as Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Lebanon, and Syria. Many French Jews fled to North Africa, to try to escape arrest and deportation in France, only to face a similar fate in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. But like in France, righteous gentiles hid them, and also in North Africa righteous gentiles hid them too, righteous gentiles who just happened to be Arab. At the Jerusalem Forest among the Righteous Among the Nations are the names of European cities, where the righteous gentiles hid Jews, cities such as Riga, Vilnius, Minsk, Lvov, and Odessa. But with the research that was done by the Washington Institute of Near East Policy, about both the Arabs and Jews who were a part of this operation in North Africa during World War II, the names of Casablanca, Fez, Tangier, Oran, Algiers, and Tunis have also been included. To show that Arabs too were also among the righteous gentiles.