“In a world that is in chaos politically, socially, and environmentally, how  can the human race sustain another 100 years?” Dr. Steven Hawking

One way  to  answer  the question posed by Dr. Steven Hawking, is  to  predict the future events. It could be done  by looking into the events of  the  immediate past and present having common patterns and having, lasting  effects. History tends to repeat itself in similar circumstances, and it may  also be helpful in finding a way to probable future events. A fact however,  should not escape our attention, and that is the factor of  change. Change  is inevitable and is supposed to be the only Constant.  Change will be  factored into any analysis about future events. Thus,  it’s a mix of  continuity and constancy which will define the future.

Considering the period  1910-2010 as the immediate past, analyzing it from the political, social and  environmental point of view will be helpful in predicting  their likely  shape in the hundred years beginning 2011.

Starting from Politics, we find a  mixed bag of events ranging from wars to victories in  the areas of  democracy  and human rights. The first world war resulted in the killing of  15 million people, and in the second world war 63 million people lost their  lives. There had been wars in Viet Nam, Middle East, South Asia, Yugoslavia, the  Gulf, Afghanistan and Iraq to mention the more prominent in which millions lost  their lives. The nuclear bomb used for the first time in Hiroshima and Nagasaki  by the USA and the number of nuclear states continued to grow. There had been  revolutions in the Soviet Union, China and Iran with far-reaching consequences.  The fall of  the Soviet Union and the  rise of terrorism also happened  during this period.

This was a period of great advances in science and  technology. It saw the  invention of the most dangerous weapons of mass destruction. Simultaneously, technology  also helped in ushering a new era of development in business, trade and industry. The arrival of the Internet completely  changed the landscape of business leading to  globalization. However,  despite these positive changes bad management practices  derailed the  economies of even the most developed countries. The gap between the rich and the poor continued to grow  even in the most developed countries. The rise of China as the second biggest  economy of the world greatly influenced  the international markets and business. Democracy and  the concept of human  rights and its protection became more widespread, although not achieving the  level expected of a civilized world.

The education and health sectors saw  great strides in their modernization and finding cures for fatal diseases, however, it was limited to the  developed countries. Growth and technological development brought new health  problems and challenges.

In the environmental area there was a very late, and  very little realization about its importance and consequences of  being  ignored. The developed countries, the main cause of global  warming,  failed to act properly in controlling it  and  continued to care more about their industrial development than acting to avert  the looming disaster.

Seeing in totality hundred years ending 2010 were the  years of turmoil, destruction, inventions, advancement of  democracy and  human rights and rapid changes.

For answering the question, which is the  topic of this discussion, it is important to find the factors which need  constancy and those that must change. The answer is not very difficult. Factors  which enhance the survival and sustenance of human race must stay and those that  hinder or contribute to it will be eliminated. As discussed in the beginning  change is the only constant and cannot be averted, it is necessary to direct it  towards the  efforts of sustaining the human race.

In the near past the  elements which endangered the human sustenance had been wars, nuclear weapons,  inequity and global warming. For removal of the dangers to human sustenance  world needs the following measures:

Removal of the underlying causes which  had and may lead to war and terrorism.

Destruction of nuclear weapons and  putting  limitations on conventional weapons.

Master plans for the  economic development and provision of education and health facilities to  underdeveloped countries and its implementation in letter and spirit.

All  acts contributing to global warming will be declared  international crime  and regulations enacted for monitoring and control.

But, who will do it and  why will all the countries agree to it?

A new world organization by the name  of One World Organization will be created in place of the  United Nations  Organization with the charter of implementing the measures enumerated above with  full powers of implementation. All the countries should sign the charter and  help in its implementation. This is the change discussed earlier which would cut  dangers to sustenance of the  human race and help in laying the foundations  of a new world order, based on the principles of equity, human dignity, and  sharing of gains and pains. ONE WORLD ORGANIZATION is the solution of all the problems confronting humanity. We have  one earth why cannot we have one world when we all say all human beings are  equal.

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