At the outset let me express my sincere thanks for commenting on my note in the FB. I would also like to express my sincere respect and honor to both of you as persons endowed with wisdom. Secondly, I would like to request you to forgive me if any of my comments hurts you and your sentiments/temperaments; because my intention is simply to express my views not as a man but as a person and it is never intended to hurt you. At the same time I admit my limitations (for being brought up in a patriarchal/traditional family) in perceiving your enriched gender-concepts and notions you have acquired through your life-long struggles in a relatively more democratic social and family environment. Second limitation is that I have little knowledge of Marxism, though I could develop a strong believe after going through some books of Comrade Shibdas Ghosh (founder of SUCI-C) that Marxism, only ideology based on scientific logic, alone can answer all my queries in an unbiased way. Madams, I honestly admit that I have not gone through the passage of Marx where he mentioned that women are the proletariat's proletariat. But I could very well conceive the inner meaning of his statement analyzing the status of women in India. Here women are bonded by the traditional social norms that we have been inheriting for centuries possibly with the inception of class division; where the people (both men and women) belonging to all castes and communities are governed, subjugated and exploited by the state in the broader arena of the economy, society, polity, etc. and the women are governed, subjugated and exploited by their male counterparts in their own community and family environment. If one analyses the status of Indian women this way then Marx’s remark (women are the proletariat's proletariat) is absolutely true. I vividly realize studying the life experiences of my elder sister married to a semi-literate and semi-skilled worker of Tata Iron and Steel Company, Jamshedpur. Being a housewife she had to bear all the pains of subjugation by her husband and other members of her in-law’s family. Over and above, she had to obey the instructions of her husband, which were imposed on him by his company officials (through trainings) to follow in his life to develop himself as a benevolent worker. Even after passing of 35 years of married life, status of my sister on the eye of her husband did not change. Besides, Indian society is a complex society. There is no uniform social and cultural norm in India. People are divided into caste/sub-caste, race, sect, religion, etc. Each such community/group is guided by separate social norms, especially on ruling the women. All such norms have been developed to protect the interests of the patriarchal social formation. Thus, male members of India enjoy relatively better status compared to women. Women’s good or bad behavior is defined by the male members to sustain the rule under patriarchy, which give them additional advantage to exploit the women labour powers in all activities. It is said that an Indian woman is born, grows and dye under male domination. If an adult woman spends a few nights outside without the permission of her male guardians, then she is blamed to be a characterless woman and she is forced either to commit suicide or to leave the house for ever. But this is not the case with the men. In Indian family, woman has no say in decision making. Her labor is neither valued nor honored. She leads a life like a bonded labour in her own family. She is recognized as caretaker of the family property. She does not enjoy any property right. Women are instrumental to acquire family property but they never enjoy the right to sale those properties. What to talk of the physical assets, even the children given birth and brought up by her is recognized not as her children rather they are recognized as the children of her husband. The working women find the work environment to be tensed due to male domination. The women are discriminated in wage payment. In the recent times 50% of the seats in the local self government have been reserved for the women. But what have been the outcomes of this power sharing. The husbands of the elected local self government representatives exercise powers on behalf of their elected wives. These so called women leaders have no guts to move alone without the consent of their male guardians. Over and above, women in leadership or in works have to perform all the family related activities assigned to an ordinary woman. Thus, ordinary/working woman has to bear all the sufferings of male-domination in all walks of life. The elite women, though relatively better off compared to those belonging to poor families, are also not free from male domination. My impression is that apparently unified, cool, calm and peaceful looking Indian social and family system is existing at the sacrifice/cost of women. The day, the women would be able to free themselves from the impasse of the patriarchal social formation, the entire social norms and values would be upside down. But it would not be as chaotic as it is under male domination, because womanly nature can never be as rude as men. This I believe. All these realities reflect that the women in India enjoy double subjugation; one by the patriarchal rules framed by the capitalist class and another by the traditional rules of the community/ family. Now question arises how the Indian women could liberate themselves from the impasse of this male dominated social formation, which is presently ruled by the capitalist class or which is serving the class interests of the owners of means of production. Can it be achieved (though ideally it is not possible) if the women are placed everywhere in governing the state power. I think no, it is not possible because the present Indian state power is designed to protect the interests of the capitalist class, under whose dictation production, distribution and consumption are targeted to meet for the promotion of market (at present it is capitalism) and not to serve the working humanity. Under such a situation, the women leaders must have to behave like men to remain in power entrusted to them to serve the capitalist class. Then, the alternative way would be to initiate a liberation struggle leading to women emancipation from male domination by acquiring a new social order and thereby to achieve gender parity in all walks of life. Now the questions arise (i) against whom such struggles would be directed; (ii) should such movements be led against their male counterparts; (iii) should it be led to transform the male-dominated socio-economic and political order; (iv) can such movement transform the nature of the existing capitalist state power?? If such struggle or movement is directed against the men (irrespective of their class affinity), then there would be a big chaos in the society; and the capitalist class would ultimately enjoy the fruits of such a movement. Then, definitely it should be directed to transform the existing capitalistic social order into a socialistic social order. Can women alone perform this gigantic movement? I think not!!! Women leaders would be required to mobilize the oppressed humanity (both men and women) and conscious section of people from the privileged class (men and women) in support of their movement or they should join revolutionary politics wherein they find upholding their cause to be supreme. Another thing I would like to mention here that the present rulers of the world have joined hands to sustain their oppressive rules. They have been very much active in framing policy design to dehumanize the working humanity by inflicting or injecting the sense of degraded individualism or pervasiveness with the ill motives of controlling the mass mind. Their policy of liberalization, consumerization, privatization and globalization has been very much effective in distorting the minds of the youths and provoking them to incline towards unethical means of earning to meet their unrealistic/unethical needs. The perverted young men, influenced by filthy market culture, are committing criminal activities like rape. This does not mean all the men are rapists. It is a fact that today (under capitalism) human beings – the creator of the wealth, have been converted into a marketable commodity. The women are the worst victim of such an environment. It is worthwhile to mention here that in the Dhumkura (a traditional night club of the Munda tribes controlled by the tribal community), the young men and women were allowed to dance and spend together whole nights (this was a way of selecting one’s own life partners), no such rape incidence was reported. Thus, rape crime is the product of the present day social order (capitalism). No doubt, the males are the culprits but all men can never be targeted for this. I believe that the incident of rape crime should be viewed in this angle.